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Contribution of Tourism Sector on Employment Creation: A Case Study of Nungwi and Kiwengwa Villages of Zanzibar

The paper examines the contribution of tourism on employment creation a case of Nungwi and Kiwengwa Villages of Zanzibar. The total population of study area was 7,224 which comprise the tour guides, hoteliers and Villagers especially who engaged in tourism activities (Nungwi and Kiwengwa). A simple random sampling techniques was used to select a sample of 379 were used in this study. Specifically, a quantitative approach was used and questionnaire survey was used for collection. The paper found that, the larger number of the villagers who are employed in tourism sector in Nungwi and Kiwengwa Villages are fulltime employed followed by part time and small number of the natives been able to employ themselves. Generally, about 90% of the respondents, supported the fact that tourism sector in both villages had been creating employment opportunity. The study recommended to the Government and other tourism stakeholder that, there is a need to provide loans or any other support to the Nungwi and Kiwengwa natives so as to be able to employ themselves in tourism sector as well as reducing the number of part time employees/seasonal employment. Specific recommendation goes to Zanzibar commission for tourism (ZCT) that they should take much effort of providing techniques of entrepreneurship for those villages (Nungwi and Kiwengwa) so as to enable the natives to be creative and innovative on establishing their own business. Finally it is recommend to the policy makers on fostering the growth of the infrastructures in Nungwi and Kiwengwa villages that will help on improvement of tourism sector as well as socio-economic development of Zanzibar.

Tourism Industry, Employment Creation, SPSS

Mshauri Ali Makame, Mohammed Hafidh Khalfan, Abdalla Ussi Hamad. (2023). Contribution of Tourism Sector on Employment Creation: A Case Study of Nungwi and Kiwengwa Villages of Zanzibar. International Journal of Finance and Banking Research, 9(5), 73-78.

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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